Understanding opioid dependence

Opioid dependence—physical addiction to prescription painkillers and heroin—affects many people in the US. Unfortunately, many people who struggle with opioid dependence may be reluctant to ask for help because of the stigma attached to the notion of "drug dependence."

Opioid dependence is a complex health condition with many elements that are caused or made worse by continued opioid use. Key elements include social, psychological, and biological components. Opioid dependence can occur as the brain adapts to the regular use of opioids over time. People who are opioid dependent may continue using opioids despite experiencing harmful consequences.

You are not alone

Opioid dependence is a chronic disease that can affect anyone. It could be a friend, a co-worker, a spouse, a brother, a sister, or a parent.

If you or someone you know may be dependent on opioids, you are not alone. In 2013, there were nearly 2.4 million reports of people† that had abused or were dependent on opioids—such as heroin—or prescription painkillers.‡

Know your opioids: Opioids can be prescription painkillers. For example, Oxycodone, hydrocodone, and fentanyl—better known by the brand names as OxyContin®, Vicodin®, Percocet®, and Actiq®—are opioids. The street drug heroin is also an opioid.

About treatment

It is possible to get on the path to recovery and there are many different treatment options.

Here are some of the types of treatment available:

In a clinic with methadone—methadone is medication-assisted treatment used to block the euphoria or "high" associated with other opioids

Counseling—addresses the psychological and behavioral aspects of addiction

In-patient treatment programs—highly structured programs in hospitals and residential treatment centers that offer around-the-clock support

Twelve step programs—based on a set of guiding principles that outline a course of action to work towards recovery from addiction

In-office medication-assisted treatment—prescription medications are used to help suppress withdrawal symptoms and decrease cravings, along with counseling and other support

One type of medication-assisted treatment is BUPERONORPHINE/NALOXONE ( SUBOXONE) with counseling and psychosocial support. BUPERONORPHINE/NALOXONE ( SUBOXONE)  may help you—or someone you care about manage opioid dependence.

Email: arpsych@att.net I Phone: 229 244 2030 , 229 387 8878